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      5 個簡單的步驟用西班牙語介紹自己

      時間:2022-04-25來源:互聯網  進入西班牙語論壇
      核心提示:1. Say helloYou probably already know that hola means hello in Spanish. Spanish speakers use this word to greet people i
      (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
       1. Say “hello”
       
       
      You probably already know that “hola” means “hello” in Spanish. Spanish speakers use this word to greet people in the same way as English speakers do. 
       
      In the example below, we look at an informal introduction between two people who use the word:
       
      Francisco: ¡Hola, Teresa! Hello Theresa!
      Teresa: ¡Hola, Francisco! ¿Qué tal? Hello Francisco! What’s up?
      Francisco: Bien. ¿Y tú, Teresa? I am well. And you, Theresa?
      Teresa: Estoy muy bien, gracias. I’m very well, thank you.
      The Spanish greeting “hola” is informal in the example above, but it can also be used as a formal greeting. If you want to be more formal, you use the pronoun “usted” instead of the informal “tú”. For example:
       
      señora García: Hola, ¿cómo está usted, señor Pineda? Hi. How are you Mr. Pineda?
      señor Pineda: Bien. ¿Y usted? Fine, and you?
      señora García: Regular, gracias. So-so, thank you.
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      How to introduce yourself in Spanish
      How to introduce yourself in Spanish 
       
      You can also use expressions such as: “Buenos días” (good morning), “buenas tardes” (good afternoon), and “buenas noches” (good evening). These phrases are good for beginners because they are easy to remember and are regularly used by Spanish speakers. 
       
      These Spanish greetings (saludos) can also be farewells (despedidas) and are very common in Spain and Latin America. 
       
      Sr. Perez: Buenos días, señorita Romero Good morning, Miss Romero
      Srta. Romero: Buenos días, señor Pérez Good morning, Mr. Perez
      Sr. Pérez: ¿Cómo le va? How is it going?
      Srita. Romero: No muy bien, ¿y a usted? Not very well, and you?
      Sr. Perez: Estoy mal también. I am not well either.
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      2. Give your name
      Telling someone your name is the next thing you’ll want to do after saying hello. You can do this in a few different ways, including:
       
      “Me llamo John” — My name is John
      “Soy John” — I am John
      “Mi nombre es John” — My name is John
      Here is an example of someone giving their name using “me llamo.” Note the use of the informal pronoun “tú”:
       
      Juan: ¡Hola! Hello!
      Pedro: ¡Hola!, ¿cómo te llamas? Hello! What is your name?
      Juan: Mi nombre es Juan. ¿ tú? My name is Juan. And you?
      Pedro: Me llamo Pedro. My name is Pedro.
      Juan: Mucho gusto, Pedro. Nice to meet you, Pedro.
      Pedro: El gusto es mío. The pleasure is all mine.
      Juan: Hasta pronto, Pedro. See you soon, Pedro.
      Pedro: Adiós, Juan. Bye, Juan.
      In the following example, note the use of the phrase “soy” and the formal pronoun “usted”  (“usted” can be abbreviated as “ud.”)
       
      Sra. Ramírez: ¡Hola! Soy la Sra. Ramírez. ¿Cómo se llama usted? Hello! I’m Mrs. Ramirez. What’s your name?
      Srta. Rodríguez: Mi nombre es señorita Rodríguez. My name is Miss Rodriguez.
      Sra. Ramírez: Mucho gusto, señorita Rodríguez. Nice to meet you, Miss Rodriguez.
      Srta. Rodríguez: El gusto es mío. The pleasure is all mine.
      Sra. Ramírez: Hasta pronto, Srta. Rodríguez. See you soon, Miss Rodriguez.
      Srta. Rodríguez: ¡Adiós! Goodbye!
      Pro tip: Use the following phrases to say goodbye:
       
      “Adiós” — Goodbye
      “Hasta luego” — See you later
      “Hasta pronto” — See you soon
      “Hasta mañana” — See you tomorrow
      3. Kiss, hug, or handshake? 
      Handshake between 2 people
       
      In many Spanish-speaking countries, it’s typical to start a friendly introduction with a handshake (dar la mano) and a kiss (beso) on each cheek (between two females, or a guy and a girl). Spanish Business culture is generally more reserved, and most people just shake hands. 
       
      People from other countries often find Spanish and Latin culture much more intense, expressive, and generally warm in communication. So, if you’ve recently moved to a Spanish-speaking country, don’t be surprised if you find yourself kissing people more than you usually do.
       
      4. Ask someone else their name
      If you want to find out someone else’s name, you can use the following sentences:
       
      “¿Cómo te llamas?” – What is your name?
      “¿Cómo se llama?” – What is his/her name?
      “¿Cómo se llaman?” – What are your names? (plural)
      Take a look at the example conversation below. Notice the bold letters. Depending to whom are you being introduced or referring to, you have to use different pronouns and verb conjugations:
       
      María y Guillermo: Hola, ¿cómo se llaman ustedes? Hello, what are your names?
      Patricia: Yo me llamo Patricia pero todos me llaman Paty. My name is Patricia, but everyone calls me Paty.
      Pablo: Yo me llamo Pablo, ¿y tú, cómo te llamas? My name is Pablo, what is your name?
      María: Me llamo María. My name is Maria.
      Guillermo: Yo me llamo Guillermo pero mi familia me llama “Memo”. My name is Guillermo, but my family call me “Memo”.
      Pablo: ¿Y cómo se llama el profesor de español? What is the name of the Spanish professor?
      Maria: El profesor de español se llama señor Contreras The professor is called Mr. Contreras
      Pro tip: Two great ways to get to know someone better is to ask wher they are from and how old they are (be careful with this one). Take a look at the following sentences and try to remember them:
       
      “¿De dónde eres?” — wher are you from?
      “Soy de los Estados Unidos.” — I’m from the United States.
      “¿Cuántos años tienes?” — How old are you?
      “Tengo 25 años.” — I’m 25. 
      5. Get ready to respond to an introduction
      responding to an introduction
       
      It’s a good idea to have some phrases ready, so you can respond when meeting someone new. It will help you to feel more comfortable and native speakers will appreciate the effort too. Try to memorize the following: 
       
      “Mucho gusto” – Nice to meet you
      “El gusto es mío” – The pleasure is all mine
      “Es un placer” – It’s a pleasure
      “Encantado/ Encantada” –  Delighted (to meet you) 
      “Tanto gusto” – (I’m) very delighted (to meet you)
      How do you decide whether to use a formal or informal mode of address? 
      Spanish has two ways to address people. An informal way and a formal way. There are two different Spanish words for “you.” One is formal, and one informal, and you choose which to use depending on the person or people to whom you are introducing yourself. 
       
      The informal singular personal pronoun, “tú,” is generally used in non-professional settings and when addressing someone around the same age as you.
       
      You should use the formal you, “usted,” in business meetings or interviews, when the person is much older than you, or when talking to someone who you would address using a title such as señor (Mr.), señora (Mrs. or Ms.) or señorita (Miss). 
       
      Take a look at the example conversation below and notice the bolded letters that show the differences between informal and formal:
       
      Sr. Ortega: ¡Hola, muchachos! ¿Cómo están ustedes? Hello guys! How are you all?
      Ana: ¡Hola, Profesor Ortega! Estoy muy bien. Hello Professor Ortega! I am very well.
      José: Yo estoy regular. ¿Y usted, profesor? I am so-so, and you, professor?
      Sr. Ortega Estoy bien, gracias. I am good, thank you.
      Ana y Jose: De nada. You’re welcome.
      Pro tip: In Spanish, unlike in English, you also have a plural form for addressing multiple people. In Latin America, this is “ustedes.” In Spain, “vosotros/vosotras” is used. 
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