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      當前位置: 首頁 » 西班牙語語法 » 西語語法大全 » 正文

      西班牙語語法啟示

      時間:2022-07-26來源:互聯網  進入西班牙語論壇
      核心提示:Good and BadadjectiveapocopemeaningbuenobuengoodmalomalbadBuenoandmalocan either precede masculine nouns (in their short
      (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
       Good and Bad
      adjective apocope   meaning
      bueno buen   good
      malo mal   bad

      Bueno and malo can either precede masculine nouns (in their shortened form) or follow the noun (in their original form); the latter gives them a slight emphasis.

      Por ejemplo…

      Pablo es un buen hombre.   Pablo is a good man.
      Pablo es un hombre bueno.   Pablo is a (truly) good man.

      Numbers

      Four numbers have apocopes.

      adjective apocope   meaning
      primero primer   first
      tercero tercer   third
      uno un   one, a
      ciento cien   a hundred

      The first three must be used when they precede a masculine singular noun.

      Por ejemplo…

      Este es mi primer coche.   This is my first car.
      Tengo un hermano.   I have one brother.

      When the number does not precede a noun but rather stands alone as a pronoun, it maintains its original form:

      Este es el primero.   This is the first one.
      Sí, tengo uno.   Yes, I have one.

      The above adjectives are not shortened when used with feminine or plural nouns.

      una hermana   one woman
      los primeros coches   the first cars

      Ciento is a special case: it shortens to cien when it precedes a plural noun or when it multiplies the number that follows.

      cien euros   100 euros
      cien mil   100,000

      But not when it’s part of a larger number.

      ciento cuarenta   140
      dos cientos   200

      Indefinite Adjectives

      adjective apocope   meaning
      alguno algún   some
      ninguno ningún   no, none

      These follow the exact same rules as primer and tercer.

      Por ejemplo…

      ¿Hay algún baño aquí?   Is there a bathroom here?
      No hay ningún problema.   There’s no problem.
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      熱門TAG: 西班牙語語法


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